Recognition of Governments: Legitimacy and Control Six Months after Guaidó

On 23 January 2019, Juan Guaidó, the President of the Venezuelan National Assembly, proclaimed himself as the caretaker President of Venezuela in accordance with Article 223 of the Venezuelan Constitution. Guaidó’s Government falls foul of the criterion of effectiveness (control of at least some territory, habitual obedience of a majority of the population, and reasonable prospect of permanence), which remains with Maduro. The claim is purely based on a (plausible) reading of the Venezuelan Constitution, Read More …

Recognition of Governments: Legitimacy and Control Six Months after Guaidó

On 23 January 2019, Juan Guaidó, the President of the Venezuelan National Assembly, proclaimed himself as the caretaker President of Venezuela in accordance with Article 223 of the Venezuelan Constitution. Guaidó’s Government falls foul of the criterion of effectiveness (control of at least some territory, habitual obedience of a majority of the population, and reasonable prospect of permanence), which remains with Maduro. The claim is purely based on a (plausible) reading of the Venezuelan Constitution, Read More …

Recognition of Governments: Legitimacy and Control Six Months after Guaidó

On 23 January 2019, Juan Guaidó, the President of the Venezuelan National Assembly, proclaimed himself as the caretaker President of Venezuela in accordance with Article 223 of the Venezuelan Constitution. Guaidó’s Government falls foul of the criterion of effectiveness (control of at least some territory, habitual obedience of a majority of the population, and reasonable prospect of permanence), which remains with Maduro. The claim is purely based on a (plausible) reading of the Venezuelan Constitution, Read More …

Recognition of Governments: Legitimacy and Control Six Months after Guaidó

On 23 January 2019, Juan Guaidó, the President of the Venezuelan National Assembly, proclaimed himself as the caretaker President of Venezuela in accordance with Article 223 of the Venezuelan Constitution. Guaidó’s Government falls foul of the criterion of effectiveness (control of at least some territory, habitual obedience of a majority of the population, and reasonable prospect of permanence), which remains with Maduro. The claim is purely based on a (plausible) reading of the Venezuelan Constitution, Read More …

A Primer on the Jadhav Case at the International Court of Justice

The Kulbhushan Jadhav case – between India and Pakistan at the International Court of Justice – will be decided today. India initiated proceedings  before the ICJ on May 8, 2017 relating to the arrest, detention and sentencing to death of Jadhav.  While the facts are disputed, here are the basics: Pakistan alleges that Jadhav is a serving Indian naval officer, who at the behest of the Indian authorities, was spying in Balochistan, an area with an Read More …